Fourier transform

Fourier transform is a mathematical operation which converts a time domain signal into a frequency domain signal.

Discussion

Fourier transform is integral to all modern imaging, and is particularly important in MRI. The signal received at the detector (receiver coils in MRI, piezoelectric disc in ultrasound and detector array in CT) is a complex periodic signal made of a large number of constituent frequencies (i.e., bandwidth). This can be visualized as multiple sine and or cosine waves along a time-axis. Fourier transform represents the same data over a frequency-axis. A common example is the MR spectroscopy image in which different molecules are at different frequencies along the x-axis.

MRI physics
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Article information

rID: 16504
Section: Physics
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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