Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Samir Benoudina had no recorded disclosures.View Samir Benoudina's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Daniel J Bell had no recorded disclosures.View Daniel J Bell's current disclosures
The Fowler-Philip angle is the angle between the inferior calcaneus and the posterior surface of the calcaneus.
It is an angle measured on the lateral view of a loaded foot; formed between 2 lines:
- a line tangential to the posterosuperior border of the calcaneus and the calcaneal tuberosity
- a line tangential to the inferior border of the calcaneus (longitudinal axis of the calcaneus), i.e. tangent to the calcaneal tubercle and processes of the calcaneal tuberosity (inferiormost point)
Its normal range is between 44° and 69°.
- 1. Fowler, A., and Philip, J. F.: Abnormality of the calcaneus as a cause of painful heel. Its diagnosis and operative treatment. British J. Surg., 32: 494-498, 1945
- 2. Ruch JA. Haglund's disease. (1974) Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. 64 (12): 1000. doi:10.7547/87507315-64-12-1000 - Pubmed
- 3. William H. M. Castro, Joerg Jerosch. Examination and Diagnosis of Musculoskeletal Disorders. (2011) ISBN: 9783131605818