Fusiform intracranial aneurysms are a type of intracranial aneurysms with an elongated fusiform shape caused by atherosclerotic disease most common in the vertebrobasilar circulation.
- 3%-13% of all intracranial aneurysms
They can be incidental or asymptomatic, discovered during work-up for unrelated symptoms. They can present as a nonspecific headache without haemorrhage or other neurological signs or symptoms, for example:
- transient ischemic attack or complete stroke
- mass effect with or without seizures
- subarachnoid or parenchymal haemorrhage
Fusiform aneurysms are non-saccular dilatations involving the entire vessel wall for a short distance. They are termed cylindrical if it involves a somewhat longer length. The circumferential arterial dilatation results from pathological involvement of the entire artery.
- most commonly located in the vertebrobasilar circulation
Treatment and prognosis
Most small and some large focal dilatations, especially those that are asymptomatic, should be treated conservatively unless serial neuroimaging assessment indicates significant enlargement over time.