Galeazzi and Monteggia fracture-dislocations (mnemonic)
- MUGR (pronounced as mugger)
- GRUesome MURder
It is useful to note that it is the head of the non-fractured bone that is dislocated.
GRIMUS helps to remember which forearm bone is fractured and whether the distal ("inferior") or proximal ("superior") part of the bone is involved.
- R: radius
- I: inferior
- U: ulna
- S: superior
- Monteggia involves fracture of the ulna with proximal radial dislocation
- Galeazzi involves fracture of the radius with distal radioulnar dislocation
- Fractured radius of Galeazzi
GRUesome MURder assists remembering which bone is firstly fractured and then secondly which is dislocated:
- G: Galeazzi R: radius fracture U: ulna dislocation
- M: Monteggia U: ulna fracture R: radial head dislocation