Gluteus medius muscle

Last revised by Craig Hacking on 25 Aug 2021

The gluteus medius and gluteus minimus muscles are two muscles of the more superficial group in the gluteal region.

  • origin: gluteal surface of the ilium between the posterior and anterior gluteal line
  • insertion: superoposterior and lateral facets of the greater trochanter of femur
  • arterial supplysuperior gluteal artery
  • innervationsuperior gluteal nerve
  • action
    • abducts femur at hip joint
    • holds pelvis secure over stance leg and prevents pelvic drop on the opposite swing side during walking
    • medially rotates thigh
  • bursa: separating the upper part of the lateral surface of the greater trochanter from the tendon 
  • antagonist: adductors
  • variants: may join the insertion of the piriformis

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: gluteal muscles (Gray's illustration)
    Drag here to reorder.