Gluteus medius muscle

Last revised by Yoshi Yu on 4 Apr 2023

The gluteus medius muscle and gluteus minimus muscle are two muscles of the more superficial group in the gluteal region.

  • origin: gluteal surface of the ilium between the posterior and anterior gluteal line

  • insertion: superoposterior and lateral facets of the greater trochanter of femur

  • arterial supplysuperior gluteal artery

  • innervationsuperior gluteal nerve

  • action

    • abducts femur at hip joint

    • holds pelvis secure over stance leg and prevents pelvic drop on the opposite swing side during walking

    • medially rotates thigh

  • bursa: separating the upper part of the lateral surface of the greater trochanter from the tendon 

  • antagonist: adductors

  • variants: ​may join the insertion of the piriformis

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: gluteal muscles (Gray's illustration)
    Drag here to reorder.
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