Great cerebral vein
Citation, DOI & article data
The great cerebral vein, also known as the vein of Galen or great vein of Galen, is a short valveless midline veonus trunk that drains the deep parts of the cerebrum, brainstem and parts of the posterior cranial fossa.
The great cerebral vein begins just below the pineal gland by the union of two pairs of veins; internal cerebral veins and basal veins of Rosenthal. The vein is short and valveless and curves backwards and upwards through the quadrigeminal cistern around the posterior border of the splenium of the corpus callosum to drain into the confluence of the inferior sagittal sinus and the straight sinus.
The drainage territory is highly variable although it usually directly drains the colliculi and receives numerous tributaries:
- callosal veins
- inferior cerebral veins (draining medial inferior temporal lobe)
- posterior fossa veins 4,5
The great cerebral vein arises as a normal structure in utero derived from the median prosencephalic vein of Markowski.
History and etymology
Named after Greek philosopher-physician Aelius Galenus (129-200 AD)6
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- 3. Susan Standring. Gray's Anatomy. (2020) ISBN: 9780702077050
- 4. Microsurgical anatomy of the great cerebral vein of Galen and its tributaries. (2003) Journal of Neurosurgery. 99 (6): 1028. doi:10.3171/jns.2003.99.6.1028
- 5. Huang YP, Wolf BS. The veins of the posterior fossa--superior or galenic draining group. (1965) The American journal of roentgenology, radium therapy, and nuclear medicine. 95 (4): 808-21. doi:10.2214/ajr.95.4.808 - Pubmed
- 6. DiPoce J, Jimenez G, Weintraub J. Historical Perspective: Eponyms of Vascular Radiology. Radiographics. 2014;34(4):1120-40. doi:10.1148/rg.344130125 - Pubmed