Hemopneumothorax

Last revised by Dr Patrick J Rock on 12 May 2021

A hemopneumothorax (plural: hemopneumothoraces) (or, less commonly, haematopneumothorax or pneumohemothorax) is a term given when there is concurrent presence of a hemothorax and pneumothorax. It is a variant of a hydropneumothorax

Epidemiology

Approximately 5% of patients with pneumothorax will have concomitant hemothorax 6.

Pathology

It is typically seen in the setting of trauma (traumatic hemopneumothorax) but can rarely occur in non-traumatic situations including:

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: secondary to gunshot injury
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  • Case 2: plain radiograph only
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