Hand series (pediatric)
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The hand series for pediatrics often consist of a posteroanterior and lateral view only in order to minimize radiation dose to the patient. Depending on the department and clinical indication, an additional oblique view may also be done.
trauma with suspected fracture
foreign body detection
Patients should remove any jewelry on the hand.
The use of gonadal and fetal shielding has been deemed as non-beneficial to patients' health in current evidences 1-3 and may or may not be useful for pediatric extremity imaging. Placing gonadal shielding can increase the examination time and may cause the child more stress.
Tips for pediatric hand radiography
The major difficulty in pediatric hand radiography relates to:
To overcome this, a variety of techniques can be used 4:
distract the patient with toys, games and/or conversation
using the swaddling technique; wrap the child in a blanket to promote comfort and sleep
have the child sit on the parent's lap to ensure they are comfortable
Children will find it difficult to keep their hand still; particularly if the limb is injured. One option is to have a parent or radiographer hold the child's hand in place; however, the parent's hand may appear on the radiograph and obscure the child's anatomy. Placing radiolucent items such as a clear clipboard on top of the child's hand can be useful for keeping the child's hand flat and still for the posteroanterior view. However, placing items on top of the child's hand should be used only if it will not injure the child further.
- 1. Rebecca M. Marsh, Michael Silosky. Patient Shielding in Diagnostic Imaging: Discontinuing a Legacy Practice. (2019) American Journal of Roentgenology. 212 (4): 755-757. doi:10.2214/AJR.18.20508 - Pubmed
- 2. BIR. Guidance on using shielding on patients for diagnostic radiology applications. (2020) The British Institute of Radiology. https://www.bir.org.uk/media/414334/final_patient_shielding_guidance.pdf - PDF
- 3. AAPM. AAPM position statement on the use of patient gonadal and fetal shielding. (2019) American Association of Physicists in Medicine. https://www.aapm.org/org/policies/details.asp?id=468&type=PP - Policy text
- 4. Ng JHS, Doyle E. Keeping Children Still in Medical Imaging Examinations- Immobilisation or Restraint: A Literature Review. (2019) Journal of medical imaging and radiation sciences. 50 (1): 179-187. doi:10.1016/j.jmir.2018.09.008 - Pubmed