Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor

Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumors (IPT), also known as xanthogranulomas or plasma cell granulomas of the liver, are rare benign hepatic lesions.

Most common in young adults with males affected more than females 7

Etiology is unknown 7

Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor is often seen as a well-circumscribed, encapsulated inflammatory mass. 

Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor is characterized by a large population of polyclonal plasma cells with a variable amount of fibrosis, foamy histiocytes, and other chronic inflammatory cells 2.

Radiological findings of hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor are not characteristic and definitive diagnosis requires needle biopsy (sometimes insufficient 7) or surgery 3.

In most reported cases, they appear as hypoattenuating masses with a variable degree of hepatic enhancement 2

  • T1: hypointense
  • T2: hyperintense
  • T1C+: heterogeneous enhancement 7

Article information

rID: 17297
Tag: cases, cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Inflammatory pseudotumour of the liver
  • Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumours
  • Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumor
  • Hepatic inflammatory pseudotumors
  • Fibrous xanthoma of the liver
  • Xanthogranuloma of the liver
  • Plasma cell granuloma of liver

ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.