Hepatic teratomas are extremely rare and represent either intraperitoneal or retroperitoneal teratomas that have invaded the liver. Hepatic teratomas comprise <1% of all teratomas.
These are extremely rare with only a few case reports have been described in the literature. The majority are seen in children younger than 3 years of age.
These are mostly asymptomatic.
See main article: Teratoma.
The findings depend on the relative components of the mass. Frequently, hepatic teratomas are well-defined masses containing fat, fluid, and calcification (mostly peripheral).
Treatment and prognosis
Complete surgical resection remains the best treatment option.
- 1. Ramkumar J, Best A, Gurung A, Dufresne AM, Melich G, Vikis E, MacKenzie S. Resection of ruptured hepatic teratoma in an adult. (2018) International journal of surgery case reports. 53: 414-419. doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.11.032 - Pubmed
- 2. Srinivasa R. Prasad, Hanlin Wang, Humberto Rosas, Christine O. Menias, Vamsi R. Narra, William D. Middleton, Jay P. Heiken. Fat-containing Lesions of the Liver: Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation1. (2005) RadioGraphics. 25 (2): 321-31. doi:10.1148/rg.252045083 - Pubmed