Hernia (general)

Last revised by Dr Daniel J Bell on 22 Dec 2020

Hernias (or herniae) are a common pathological entity, in which an anatomical structure passes into an abnormal location via an opening.

The opening may be a normal physiological aperture (e.g. hiatus hernia: stomach passes through the diaphragmatic esophageal hiatus) or pathological. Iatrogenic herniae also occur, e.g. port site hernia, incisional hernia, etc.

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