Hindfoot alignment view
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The hindfoot alignment view is a specialized, weight-bearing radiographic view that examines the hindfoot alignment as part of a foot and ankle instability investigation.
The long axial view requires no equipment and has higher inter-observer reliability when measuring angular hindfoot alignment 1,2.
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Suspected varus or vagus malalignment 1,2.
- the patient stands on an upright, radiolucent, stand facing the upright bucky
- patient distributes weight evenly across both feet with the foot in question central to the detector
- the foot is in a neutral position
- the detector is in front of the patient, angled 20 degrees slightly under the radiolucent stand
- posterior-anterior, axial projection
- the central beam is angled 20 degrees toward the floor
- centered at the midpoint of the lateral and medial malleoli
- at least half the tibia and the calcaneum need to be included
- detector size
- 18 cm x 24 cm
- 50-60 kVp
- 3-6 mAs
- 100 cm
Image technical evaluation
- clear identification of the most distal portion of the calcaneus
- clear identification of the anatomical axis of the tibia
This projection requires the appropriate equipment i.e. the large, perspex patient stand. Luckily, the alternative projection, the long axial view requires no equipment and has higher inter-observer reliability when measuring angular hindfoot alignment 1,2.
Whether the image is performed unilateral or bilateral does not impact the reliability of measurement 2.
It is important not to collimate tightly on this projection as the anatomical axis of the tibia must be established to calculate the hindfoot alignment. This is calculated via the distance between the anatomical axis of the tibia and the lowest part of the calcaneus (normal sitting at a mean value of 3.2mm) 1.
- 1.Lau B, Allahabadi S, Palanca A, Oji D. Understanding Radiographic Measurements Used in Foot and Ankle Surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2021;30(2):e139-54. doi:10.5435/jaaos-d-20-00189 - Pubmed
- 2. Reilingh M, Beimers L, Tuijthof G, Stufkens S, Maas M, van Dijk C. Measuring Hindfoot Alignment Radiographically: The Long Axial View is More Reliable Than the Hindfoot Alignment View. Skeletal Radiol. 2010;39(11):1103-8. doi:10.1007/s00256-009-0857-9 - Pubmed
- 3. Neri T, Barthelemy R, Tourné Y. Radiologic Analysis of Hindfoot Alignment: Comparison of Méary, Long Axial, and Hindfoot Alignment Views. Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research. 2017;103(8):1211-6. doi:10.1016/j.otsr.2017.08.014 - Pubmed