Holocord presentation

Last revised by Joshua Yap on 26 Mar 2023

Holocord presentation refers to a process that involves the entire spinal cord from the cervicomedullary junction to the tip of the conus. It does not relate to a specific condition, nor does it distinguish between involvement by cystic expansion, solid tumor, or by a combination of both. It merely denotes that the whole cord is involved.

It is seen in a variety of conditions, most commonly comprising a significant syrinx component, although occasionally holocord involvement by a tumor is encountered 5. Generally, this is seen in young patients (children and young adults) 5.

History and etymology

The word comes from the Greek "holo-" meaning "whole" or "entire" and not from hollow, as is sometimes erroneously thought to be the case 1.

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: Chiari I
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  • Case 2: hemangioblastoma
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  • Case 3: Chiari I
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