Ileocolic artery

Dr Owen Kang and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

The ileocolic artery is a branch of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) that runs obliquely to the ileocaecal junction.

It divides into an ileal branch that supplies the terminal ileum and anastomoses with the terminal SMA and a colic branch that supplies the proximal ascending colon and anastomoses with the descending branch of the right colic artery. It also gives off anterior and posterior caecal arteries, one or both of which gives off a branch that anastomoses with appendicular artery and sometimes replaces it.

Abdominal and pelvic anatomy
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Article Information

rID: 26759
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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