In utero infection
In utero infections (also known as congenital infections) can result from a vast number of etiological organisms.
- TORCH group:
- in utero syphilis infection
- in utero parvovirus B19 infection
- in utero varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection
- AIDS embryopathy / in utero HIV infection
There is some evidence to suggest an association with in utero infection with adult onset schizophrenia 1.
Intracranial sequelae are most commonly observed. Other general feeatures include:
- abnormalities amniotic fliud volumes: can be either oligohydramnios or polyhydramnios 2
- placentomegaly 2
More detailed epidemiology, radiographic features and pathology are best discussed under individual topics.