In utero infections, also known as congenital infections, can result from a vast number of etiological organisms and account for 2% to 3% of all congenital anomalies 4.
- TORCH group:
- in utero syphilis infection
- in utero parvovirus B19 infection
- in utero varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection
- AIDS embryopathy / in utero HIV infection
There is some evidence to suggest an association of in utero infection with adult onset schizophrenia 1.
Intracranial sequel are most commonly observed. Other general features include:
More detailed epidemiology, radiographic features and pathology are best discussed under individual topics.
- 1. Brown AS, Derkits EJ. Prenatal infection and schizophrenia: a review of epidemiologic and translational studies. Am J Psychiatry. 2010;167 (3): 261-80. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09030361 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Drose JA, Dennis MA, Thickman D. Infection in utero: US findings in 19 cases. Radiology. 1991;178 (2): 369-74. Radiology (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 3. Puder KS, Treadwell MC, Gonik B. Ultrasound characteristics of in utero infection. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 1997;5 (3): 262-70. doi:10.1155/S1064744997000446 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 4. Stegmann BJ, Carey JC. TORCH Infections. Toxoplasmosis, Other (syphilis, varicella-zoster, parvovirus B19), Rubella, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Herpes infections. Curr Womens Health Rep. 2002;2 (4): 253-8. Pubmed citation