Citation, DOI & article data
Incarcerated (also referred to as irreducible) is used to describe herniae, in which their contents are unable to pass back through the hernial opening to their anatomical site of origin.
History and etymology
Incarcerate is probably a retronym from incarceration, itself derived from 'incarceratus', a Medieval Latin word, a past participle form of incarcerare, which meant to put into prison. Ultimately it derived from the Latin words 'in', meaning in, and 'carcer', meaning a secluded place or prison 3.
- 1. Yang X & Liu J. Acute Incarcerated External Abdominal Hernia. Ann Transl Med. 2014;2(11):110. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2305-5839.2014.11.05 - Pubmed
- 2. William Alexander Newman Dorland. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. (2007) ISBN: 9781416023647 - Google Books
- 3. Robert K. Barnhart, Sol Steinmetz. Chambers Dictionary of Etymology. (1999) ISBN: 9780550142306
- 4. Keeley J, Kaji A, Kim D, Putnam B, Neville A. Predictors of Ischemic Bowel in Patients with Incarcerated Hernias. Hernia. 2019;23(2):277-80. doi:10.1007/s10029-019-01884-1 - Pubmed