Infective enteritis

Last revised by Michael P Hartung on 31 Jan 2022

Infective enteritis is a common condition although, routinely, does not require imaging.

Clinical pathology

Patients can present with fevers, colicky abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting 2,3


There are numerous organisms that can cause infective enteritis with classically associated small bowel locations 1:

  • proximal small bowel: Giardia and Strongyloides species
  • distal small bowel: Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia species
  • distal ileum (and cecum): tuberculosis, typhlitis, amebiasis

Differential diagnosis

Consider other causes of enteritis

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