Inferior alveolar nerve
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Johan Smalberger had no recorded disclosures.View Johan Smalberger's current disclosures
The inferior alveolar nerve or inferior dental nerve is a mixed sensory and motor branch of the posterior division of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve, located in the pteryogomandibular space of the oral cavity/masticator space.
The inferior alveolar nerve divides off the posterior division and descends posterior to the lingual nerve, deep to lateral pterygoid muscle and lateral to the pterygomandibular raphe, between the sphenomandibular ligament and the ramus of the mandible. It enters the mandibular foramen anterior to the inferior alveolar artery and vein. It then courses in the mandibular canal.
The inferior alveolar nerve has three major branches:
one of the two terminal branches
remains within the mandibular canal
supplies sensation to the pulp and periodontal membranes of the canine and both incisors
- 1. Susan Standring. Gray's Anatomy. ISBN: 9780702052309
- 2. Last's anatomy, regional and applied. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN:044304662X. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Robert H. Whitaker, Neil R. Borley. Instant Anatomy. ISBN: 9780632054039
- 4. Moore KL, Agur AMR, Dalley AF. Clinically oriented anatomy. LWW. ISBN:1451119453. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon