Inguinal hernia

Inguinal herniation is a type of abdominal wall hernia 1.

They are the commonest type abdominal wall herniation (up to 80% 3) and are most often acquired. There is recognised male predilection with a M:F ratio of up to 7:1 3.

It is broadly divided into two types:

All of the following confer an increased risk for indirect inguinal hernia:

Direct inguinal hernia is a consequence of weakened abdominal musculature, often brought on by

  • advanced age
  • strain
  • previous abdominal surgery

While inguinal hernias in general are much more common in males than in females, direct hernias in particular are rare in women since the broad ligament acts as an additional barrier.

Complications, as in any other abdomimal wall herniation, include:

Compared with other types abdominal wall hernias, the incidence of complications is considered lower 3.

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Article Information

rID: 12533
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Inguinal hernias
  • Inguinal herniation
  • Inguinal hernia - general

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Cases and Figures

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    Case 1: probable indirect, with incarceration
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    Inguinal hernia
    Case 2: on left
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    Coronal Reformat
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    Case 3: indirect on left
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    Case 4: indirect in right
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    Inguino scotal he...
    Case 5: inguino-scrotal hernia
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    Case 6
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    Case 7: with perforation
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    Case 8: pro-peritoneal fat hernia
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    Case 9: bilateral direct
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