Innervation of the heart

Dr Kieran Kusel and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

The heart has extrinsic and intrinsic innervation, which allows the heart to continue beating if its nerve supply is disrupted (e.g. in cardiac transplant).

The heart receives parasympathetic (from the vagus nerve) and sympathetic innervation from both the superficial and deep cardiac plexuses, which provide post-ganglionic fibers to the sinoatrial (SA) and atrioventricular (AV) nodes, as well as other parts of the cardiac conduction system. 

The cardiac conduction system is composed of:

  • sinoatrial (SA) node
  • internodal connections
  • atrioventricular (AV) node
  • bundle of His
  • right and left bundle branches
  • Purkinje fibers

Cardiac myocyte conduction spreads through the heart from myocyte-to-myocyte starting at the SA (pacing) node and then via other parts of the cardiac conduction system in turn as outlined above. 

Each part of the cardiac conduction system has its own intrinsic pacemaker, which means that if a higher pacing center (e.g. SA node) is damaged and stops functioning a lower pacing center (e.g AV node) can take over. 

Anatomy: Thoracic

Anatomy: Thoracic

Article information

rID: 26402
System: Cardiac
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Cardiac conduction system

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