Intervertebral disc calcification is seen with numerous conditions.
It may be observed in paediatric 5 as well as adult populations.
- degenerative: relatively common and may occur in up to 6% in routine abdominal radiographs in adults
- ochronosis: very dense central (nucleus pulposus) calcification associated with osteopaenia; begins in the lumbar spine and ascends
- ankylosing spondylitis: associated findings should be visible
- pseudogout (CPPD): annulus fibrosis calcification
- haemochromatosis: annulus fibrosis calcification
- hypervitaminosis D: annulus fibrosis calcification (uncommon manifestation)
- transient intervertebral disc calcification is seen in children, typically in the cervical spine and spontaneoulsy regresses.
- juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA)
- amyloidosis 2,3
- poliomyelitis 2,3
- acromegaly 2,3
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