Intracranial compliance

Intracranial compliance (ICC) represents the change in volume (ΔV) per unit change in pressure (ΔP), and is exactly the inverse of elastance. In other words, ICC determines the ability of the intracranial compartment to accommodate an increase in volume without a large increase in intracranial pressure (ICP).

Compliance= ΔV/ΔP = 1/elastance 

In normal conditions (normal intracranial volumes and ICP), there is high intracranial compliance. This explains why, despite having a small increase in intracranial volume (e.g. cerebral haematoma or cerebral oedema), there are minimal changes in ICP values.

The highly compliant nature of the intracranial system can be explained by mechanisms such as: 

  • CSF displacement through foramen magnum into the paraspinal space
  • blood displacement from compressed brain tissue

When these mechanisms are exhausted, further increases in volume are directly reflected as increases in ICP.

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Article information

rID: 37096
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Intra-cranial compliance (ICC)

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