# Inverse square law

The **inverse square law** describes the principle of dose reduction as the distance from the source increases.

This assumes a point source. If radiation spreads over a spherical area, as the radius increases, the area over which the dose is distributed increases according to A=4πr^2 where A is the area, π is pi and r is the radius of the sphere.

Therefore, the dose is proportional to the inverse of the square of the radius. Thus if you double the distance you reduce the dose by a factor of four.