Jod-Basedow phenomenon (thyroid)

Jod-Basedow phenomenon is hyperthyroidism following iodine intake in a person with long term underlying thyroid disease.

Pathology

Jod-Basedow phenomenon occurs due to either overactivation of the entire thyroid gland or, more commonly, autonomous nodules within the gland after iodine repletion without adequate feedback control from the pituitary gland. This escape from the protective Wolff-Chaikoff effect is called Jod-Basedow phenomenon. Patients at risk are elderly and those from low iodine intake regions. 

Aetiology

Underlying causes include:

Exogenous source of iodine include:

History and etymology

The Jod-Basedow effect is named after the German word for iodine, "Jod", and the name of Karl Adolph Von Basedow, a German physician who first described the effect.

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Article information

rID: 35560
System: Head & Neck
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Iodine induced hyperthyroidism
  • Jod-Basedow syndrome
  • Jod-Basedow effect

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