Jugular venous catheters

The internal jugular vein is a preferred site for venous access for large lumen, long-term central venous catheters for chemotherapy, haemofiltration and plasma exchange. These are commonly referred to as (internal) jugular venous (IJV) catheters.

Typically, the right internal jugular is used as its vertical course straight down into the superior vena cava via the right brachiocephalic vein makes access easiest.

The vein is usually punctured using ultrasound guidance and catheter tip location confirmed using fluoroscopy, or often just a chest radiograph. A variety of catheters can be used with a variable number of lumens, and with or without a subcutaneously tunneled portion.

The internal jugular vein is also the commonest portal of entry for the insertion of a pulmonary artery catheter (Swan-Ganz catheter).

Chest

Article information

rID: 10157
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • IJV catheter
  • IJV catheters
  • Internal jugular venous catheters
  • Jugular venous catheters

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: dialysis catheter in right jugular vein
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  • Case 2: right internal jugular vein cannulation
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  • Case 3: dialysis catheter in right jugular vein
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