Kirner deformity

Kirner deformity is characterised by a curvature of the distal phalynx of the 5th digit in both a palmar and radial direction.

The deformity typically presents in late childhood to early adolescence, although a mild deformity may be present at birth. Both sexes are affected, although there is a predominance of cases in women reported, perhaps indicating a gender predilection 2.

Inheritance has been described as autosomal dominant with variable penetrance, however many cases appear sporadic 1-2

Associations

Associations may include:

Although presentation is usually with deformity, in some patients swelling and erythema may be present  4.

Radiographic changes affect the terminal phalanx of the 5th digit, in most cases bilaterally, and are characterised as:

  • palmar and radial deviation
  • radiolucent nidus (1-2 mm) within the terminal tuft 2
  • shortened diaphysis
  • sclerosis of the diaphysis
  • metadiaphyseal defect

As this is purely as cosmetic problem (unless fine motor skills are required) medical treatment is optional. It is unclear whether splints alter the degree of deformity 4.  Osteotomy is an option, if treatment is deemed necessary.

It was first described by J Kirner in 1927 3.

Consider

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Article Information

rID: 6041
Sections: Signs, Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Kirner's deformity
  • Dystelephalangy

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