Revision 19 for 'Laryngeal cyst'

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Laryngeal cyst

Laryngeal cysts can occur in any part of the larynx, but are more frequent in supraglottic locations, such as the epiglottis and vallecula. The prevalence of each location varies on different studies. 

Epidemiology

The laryngeal cysts represent a rare group, about 5%, of benign laryngeal lesions 1. There is no gender predilection 3.

Clinical presentation

Normally they are examination findings in patients with non-specific symptoms or who are asymptomatic. Patients can have laryngeal stridor or dyspnea 2.

The lesions can cause significant respiratory obstruction, and even death, if not properly treated. 

Radiographic features

CT

Well-defined, fluid-attenuation, non-enhancing rounded lesion

MRI

Well-defined, fluid signal intensity, non-enhancing rounded lesion

Treatment and prognosis

Different forms of treatment have been described for laryngeal cysts, such as aspiration, marsupialisation with laser ablation and complete excision. Recurrence is directly related to the maintenance of remnants of the cyst wall 2.

Differential diagnosis 

General imaging differential considerations include:

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