Lateral circumflex femoral artery
Citation, DOI & article data
While the medial circumflex runs posteriorly around the femoral neck, the lateral circumflex courses laterally from its origin and anterior to the femoral neck.
The lateral circumflex femoral artery passes in between the branches of the femoral nerve in most individuals, dividing it into superficial and deep branches 1.
- origin: profunda femoris
- an ascending branch that joins the trochanteric anastomosis
- a transverse branch that joins the cruciate anastomosis
- descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery
- supply: femoral neck
- anomalous course of the lateral circumflex femoral artery where it courses posterior to the femoral nerve 2
- 1. Orebaugh S. The Femoral Nerve and Its Relationship to the Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery. Anesth Analg. 2006;102(6):1859-62. doi:10.1213/01.ane.0000217210.44764.0e - Pubmed
- 2. Goel S, Arora J, Mehta V, Sharma M, Suri R, Rath G. Unusual Disposition of Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery: Anatomical Description and Clinical Implications. World J Clin Cases. 2015;3(1):85-8. doi:10.12998/wjcc.v3.i1.85 - Pubmed