Lateral marginal vein
Citation, DOI & article data
The lateral marginal vein (also known as the vein of Servelle or the Klippel-Trenaunay vein) is one of two known persisting embryonic veins of the leg, the persistent sciatic vein being the other. The lateral marginal vein is located on the dorsal surface of the foot and is the principle tributary forming the small saphenous vein.
As an embryonic vein it usually undergoes regression before birth. It is part of the superficial venous system of the lower limb. Failure of obliteration leads to truncal vascular malformation.
It is seen in a portion of patients suffering from Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome.
- 1. Oduber CE, Young-Afat DA, van der Wal AC, van Steensel MA, Hennekam RC, van der Horst CM. The persistent embryonic vein in Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. (2013) Vascular medicine (London, England). 18 (4): 185-91. doi:10.1177/1358863X13498463 - Pubmed
- 2. Edwin Stephen, Albert Abhinay Kota, Sunil Agarwal, Dheepak Selvaraj, Prabhu Premkumar, Sam Ponraj, Vimalin Samuel. Lateral marginal vein: Have we understood its significance?. (2017) Indian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. 4 (2): 43. doi:10.4103/ijves.ijves_14_17