The lateral spinothalamic tract, also known as the lateral spinothalamic fasciculus, is an ascending pathway located anterolaterally within the peripheral white matter of the spinal cord. It is primarily responsible for transmitting pain and temperature as well as coarse touch.
The anterior spinothalamic tract (discussed separately), in contrast, primarily transmits coarse touch and pressure.
First-order neurones, whose cell bodies are in the dorsal root ganglion and whose axons extend from peripheral receptors, enter the cord via dorsal nerve roots.
The aforementioned first-order neurones synapse with second-order neurones whose bodies are located in the ipsilateral dorsal horn of the cord. In contrast to the anterior spinothalamic tract, whose fibers ascend for some levels before decussating, these second-order neurones' axons cross almost immediately via the anterior spinal commissure and form the lateral spinothalamic tract 1-4.
The lateral spinothalamic tract then ascends in the lateral funiculus, just medial to the ventral spinocerebellar tract. Fibers of this tract are somatotopically organised for their entire course.
Upon reaching the brainstem, these fibers continue as the medial lemniscus. The neurones of the lateral spinothalamic tract terminate in the ventral posterior nucleus of the thalamus. Here, they synapse with third-order neurones. It is these neurones that project to the primary somatosensory area on the ipsilateral side of the cerebral cortex.
- 1. Tortora GJ, Derrickson BH. Principles of anatomy and physiology. Wiley. ISBN:0470084715. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. DSc SSP. Gray's anatomy. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN:0443066841. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Ellis H. Clinical Anatomy. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN:1405138041. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
Related Radiopaedia articles
- spinal canal
- cervical spine
- thoracic spine
- lumbar spine
- vertebral body
- neural arch
- transitional vertebrae
- ossification centers
- intervertebral disk
- anterior longitudinal ligament
- posterior longitudinal ligament
- posterior ligamentous complex
- cervical spine ligaments
- iliolumbar ligament
- epidural ligaments
- musculature of the vertebral column
- muscles of the neck
- muscles of the back
- gross anatomy
white matter tracts (white matter)
- anterolateral columns
- lateral columns
- dorsal columns
- grey matter
- nerve root
- spinal meninges and spaces
- functional anatomy
- spinal cord blood supply
- sympathetic chain