Left heart failure

Last revised by Dr Francis Deng on 01 May 2022

Left heart failure or left ventricular failure is the type of heart failure attributed to left ventricular dysfunction. When the left ventricle is unable to pump blood effectively out of the heart, pulmonary edema develops. Congestion can progress to right heart failure, with manifestations such as peripheral edema.

Left heart failure is further subdivided based on left ventricular ejection fraction 1:

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