Left lower lobe
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Location and structure
The LLL lies in the posterior and lower aspect of the left hemithorax and contains four bronchopulmonary segments:
Like all the pulmonary lobes, it is lined by visceral pleura which reflects at the pulmonary hilum where it is continuous with the parietal pleura. The left lower lobe bronchus arises as the inferiorly angled continuation of the left main bronchus to traverse the left hilum into the LLL.
Like all the lobes of the lung, the LLL has dual arterial supply:
- deoxygenated blood from the left lower lobar pulmonary artery
- oxygenated blood from branches of the left bronchial arteries
Venous drainage of newly oxygenated blood is via the left inferior pulmonary vein into the left atrium.
The superficial subpleural lymphatic plexus drains the lung parenchyma and visceral pleura to the bronchopulmonary (hilar) lymph nodes in the hilum.
The deep bronchopulmonary lymphatic plexus (in the bronchial submucosa and peribronchial interstitium) drains the root of the lung to hilar lymph nodes in the hilum.
The hilar lymph nodes then drain to the tracheobronchial lymph nodes.
- parasympathetic fibers from the vagus nerve (CN X)
- sympathetic fibers from the paravertebral sympathetic trunks