Ligamentum mucosum

Last revised by Henry Knipe on 04 Oct 2022

The ligamentum mucosum, also known as the infrapatellar plica, is an embryological remnant of a synovial septum and one of the types of knee plicae

Ligamentum mucosum is the most common knee plica, with an incidence of ~75% (range 65%-86%) 4,5.

The classification according to the plica morphology was proposed by Kim 4.

  • separate type: completely separated from the ACL (60.5%)

  • split type: longitudinally divided (13.5%)

  • vertical septum type: attached to the ACL (10.5%)

  • fenestra type: with fenestrated vertical septum (1.0%)

The ligamentum mucosum is best seen on T2/PD sagittal images as a curvilinear, low signal structure, originating from the anterior intercondylar notch and traversing the infrapatellar (Hoffa's) fat pad to attach to the inferior pole of the patella. It may connect to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL, the anterior transverse meniscomeniscal ligament, or anterior horn of the lateral meniscus 1. Its thickness ranges from very thin to almost as thick as the anterior cruciate ligament.

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: ligamentum mucosum injury
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  • Case 2: normal
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