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The lingula of the mandible (also known as Spix spine) is a triangular bony projection or ridge on the medial surface of the ramus of the mandible, immediately superior to the mandibular foramen. It provides attachment for the sphenomandibular ligament 1,2.
History and etymology
Johann Baptist Ritter von Spix (1781-1826) was a German zoologist who was well-known during his lifetime for his explorer exploits in Brazil. Somewhat ironically he is best remembered though for his comparative anatomical dental studies and the eponymous term often used for the lingula mandibularis 3.