Localized gigantism refers to focal enlargement of part of the body, and is always pathological.
Broadly localized gigantism can be divided into two forms 1,2:
- static: the region is overgrown but proceeds to grow in proportion to the rest of the body
- progressive: the enlarged region grows faster than the rest of the body
A number of conditions can result in localized gigantism, including:
- 1. Khan RA, Wahab S, Ahmad I et-al. Macrodystrophia lipomatosa: four case reports. Ital J Pediatr. 2010;36 : 69. doi:10.1186/1824-7288-36-69 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 2. Blacksin M, Barnes FJ, Lyons MM. MR diagnosis of macrodystrophia lipomatosa. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992;158 (6): 1295-7. AJR Am J Roentgenol (citation) - Pubmed citation