Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
The lumbar veins are paired segmental veins that drain structures of the back and posterior abdominal wall. They are the venous complement of the lumbar arteries. They primarily drain into the inferior vena cava and ascending lumbar veins.
There are usually four pairs of lumbar veins. They originate in the posterolateral abdominal wall and course medially towards the midline, accompanied by the lumbar arteries. They pass posterior to the psoas major muscle and as they cross anterior to the lumbar vertebral transverse processes, they communicate with the ascending lumbar veins.
The lower two lumbar veins continue medially after communicating with the ascending lumbar veins to drain into the inferior vena cava. The proximal course of the upper two lumbar veins is highly variable and can drain into the inferior vena cava, renal vein, lower lumbar veins or terminate at the ascending lumbar vein.
variable number of lumbar veins, range: 2-5 2
variable drainage of upper lumbar veins