Luteoma of pregnancy

Last revised by Matt A. Morgan on 19 May 2020

Luteomas of pregnancy are a rare non-neoplastic condition in which luteinized stroll cells in the ovary markedly increase in size. Luteomas are hormonally active, and produce testosterone resulting in maternal and potentially fetal hirsutism and virilization.

More common in both multiparous and African women. It is bilateral in 1/3 of cases 1.

  • hirsutism

Often an incidental finding at cesarean section. They range in size from microscopic to 20 cm in size 1.

  • they appears as a solid ovarian mass, possibly multiple and bilateral 1.
  • may show central necrosis
  • difficult to differentiate from other solid masses in the ovary, clinical picture is necessary

They are thought to regress spontaneously after delivery.

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: macroscopic pathology
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