Citation, DOI & article data
Male infertility is the inability to conceive due to factors in the male partner.
Precise numbers vary but generally, male factor is estimated to play a role in up to half of infertility cases 3.
Causes of male infertility can be considered as:
- pre-testicular, e.g. hormonal, genetic
- post-testicular, e.g. obstruction
Although sperm analysis is the primary investigation for this problem, radiological examinations can in some cases reveal the etiology. Ultrasound is the most commonly performed radiological exam for male infertility, but MRI may be used in some cases.
- 1. Mittal P, Little B, Harri P et al. Role of Imaging in the Evaluation of Male Infertility. Radiographics. 2017;37(3):837-854. doi:10.1148/rg.2017160125
- 2. Lotti F & Maggi M. Ultrasound of the Male Genital Tract in Relation to Male Reproductive Health. Hum Reprod Update. 2014;21(1):56-83. doi:10.1093/humupd/dmu042
- 3. Brugh V & Lipshultz L. Male Factor Infertility. Med Clin North Am. 2004;88(2):367-385. doi:10.1016/s0025-7125(03)00150-0
- 4. Hirsh A. Male Subfertility. BMJ. 2003;327(7416):669-672. doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7416.669