Citation, DOI & article data
Mandibular tori, analogous to maxillary tori, are common benign outgrowths of bone from the inner surface of the mandible and are usually bilateral.
They are usually asymptomatic but may cause issues with eating and drinking.
They are composed of compact bone, densely mineralized usually without medullary cavity, and arise from the inner surface of the mandible.
The cause of such bony outgrowths has not been established but a genetic component is thought likely.
Bony outgrowths from the inner aspect of the alveolar bone of the mandible above the origin of the mylohyoid muscle.
Treatment and prognosis
Mandibular tori are benign, slow growing and non-invasive. Removal is required only if they are symptomatic.
- 1. Yonetsu Koichi and Takashi Nakamura. “CT of Calcifying Jaw Bone Diseases.” Am. J. Roentgenol. 177, no. 4 (October 1, 2001): 937-943. [Link].
- 2. Mermod M, Hoarau R. Mandibular tori. (2015) CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne. 187 (11): 826. doi:10.1503/cmaj.141048 - Pubmed
- 3. Pynn BR, Kurys-Kos NS, Walker DA, Mayhall JT. Tori mandibularis: a case report and review of the literature. (1995) Journal (Canadian Dental Association). 61 (12): 1057-8, 1063-6. Pubmed