Maxillary torus

Maxillary tori, analogous to mandibular tori, are common benign outgrowths of bone from the maxilla which may project both inwards (in which case they arise from the midline of the hard palate, known as torus palatinus, or inner surface of the alveolar bone) or outwards (from the alveolar bone). They are usually bilateral.

They are usually asymptomatic but may cause issues with eating and drinking.

They are composed of compact bone, densely mineralized usually without medullary cavity, and arise from the inner surface of the mandible.

The cause of such bony outgrowths has not been established but a genetic component is thought likely.

Bony outgrowths can be well appreciated 

Maxillary tori are benign, slow growing and non-invasive. Removal is required only if they are symptomatic.

Article information

rID: 6602
System: Head & Neck
Tag: refs, refs, ent
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Maxillary tori
  • Tori palatini
  • Torus palatinus

ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads

Cases and figures

  • Case 1
    Drag here to reorder.
  •  Case 2
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 3: 3D volume rendered
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 4
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 5
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 6
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 7
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 8
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 9
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

     Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

     Thank you for updating your details.