Mediastinal lipoma

Last revised by Daniel J Bell on 23 Sep 2021

A mediastinal lipoma is a benign fat-containing mediastinal lesion.

Similar to lipomas elsewhere and except in rare situations comprise of mature adipocytes. They can be variable in size. They are usually seen as an encapsulated mass with homogeneous fat attenuation. These lesions occur most commonly in the anterior mediastinum 2

On imaging possible differential considerations include

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: with metaplastic bone formation
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  • Case 2
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