Mediastinal mass

Mediastinal mass may be caused by a wide variety of neoplastic and non-neoplastic pathologies. It is helpful to identify the location of the mass since this significantly reduces the breadth of the differential diagnosis. 

There are four conceptual compartments of the mediastinum which are largely dictated by their relationship to the pericardium:

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Article information

rID: 14546
System: Chest
Section: Gamuts
Tag: refs, stub
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Mediastinal masses

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: mediastinal anatomy
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  • Case 1: superior mediastinal mass
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  • Case 2: middle mediastinal mass
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  • Case 3: posterior mediastinal mass
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