Meniscal root tear
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Meniscal root tears are a type of meniscal tear in the knee where the tear extends to either the anterior or posterior meniscal root attachment to the central tibial plateau. They often tend to be radial tears extending into the meniscal root.
According to one source, they are thought to account for ~10% of all arthroscopic meniscectomies 5.
ACL tears are associated with posterior horn root tears of the lateral meniscus ref
While they can arise from a number of mechanisms, root tears are generally thought to be chronic 5.
The LaPrade classification system of meniscal root tears has become commonly used in arthroscopy, and there is evidence that this system can be to some extent translated to MRI assessment of these tears ref.
Best assessed on T2 weighted sequences. When it involves the posterior root, medial root tears are easier to diagnose than lateral root tears.
On medial posterior root tears there is often 2:
shortening or absence of the root on sagittal images
vertical fluid cleft on coronal fluid-sensitive (T2) images
On posterior root radial tears of the lateral meniscus, the appearance may be similar to radial tears in other locations.
For root tears in general, sagittal imaging may demonstrate a meniscal ghost sign.
Other features include:
History and etymology
They were first described by M J Pagnani et al. in 1991 6.