Mesenteric cyst

Last revised by Dr Mostafa El-Feky on 19 Oct 2021

Mesenteric cysts are a very rare cause of abdominal pain and have a wide range of underlying causes. 

Mesenteric cysts are rare, with a reported incidence of 0.5-1 per 100,000 admissions 3

Patients usually present with abdominal pain and/or mass, although the cysts can be asymptomatic, incidental finding 3

Mesenteric cysts can occur anywhere in the mesentery, from the duodenum to the rectum, and may extend into the retroperitoneum. Mesenteric cysts are cystic mesenteric lesions that can be further characterized by the wall thickness (thin or thick-walled) and their loculation (unilocular or multilocular).

The main differential diagnosis is:

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: mesenteric cystic lymphangioma
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  • Case 1
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  • Case 2
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  • Case 3
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  • Case 4
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  • Case 6
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  • Case 5
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  • Case 7: mesenteric lymphangioma - ultrasound
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  • Case 8
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  • Case 9
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