Middle cervical ganglion
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At the time the article was created Craig Hacking had the following disclosures:
- Philips Australia, Paid speaker at Philips Spectral CT events (ongoing)
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posterior: longus capitis muscle and superior thyroid artery
The middle cervical ganglion provides sympathetic innervation to the head and neck.
A larger branch containing preganglionic efferent fibers forms the middle cardiac nerve, which courses inferiorly behind the common carotid artery to join the deep part of the cardiac plexus. It also receives fibers from the recurrent laryngeal nerve and the vagus nerve.
The ganglion supplies:
The middle cervical ganglion may be absent or fused with the superior cervical ganglion.
Variable location between C5-C7 5
Located within the carotid sheath (8-17%) 5
Horner syndrome can be caused by pathology of the cervical sympathetic ganglia.
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