Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Jeremy Jones had no recorded disclosures.View Jeremy Jones's current disclosures
Miliary tuberculosis is an uncommon pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis. It represents hematogenous dissemination of uncontrolled tuberculous infection and carries a relatively poor prognosis. It is seen both in primary and post-primary tuberculosis and may be associated with tuberculous infection in numerous other tissues and organs.
Miliary deposits appear as 1-3 mm diameter nodules, which are uniform in size and uniformly distributed.
Similar findings to plain radiograph but may more elaborately show extent and distribution.
Treatment and prognosis
If treatment is successful no residual abnormality remains.
History and etymology
John Jacob Manget was the first to use the term miliary tuberculosis in 1700 5.
- 1. Mu X & Wang G. Miliary Tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 2010;363(11):1059. doi:10.1056/nejmicm1001480
- 2. Jolobe O. Computed Tomography in Miliary Tuberculosis. Arch Dis Child. 2006;91(4):373-4. doi:10.1136/adc.2005.090951
- 3. Reed M, Pagtakhan R, Zylak C, Berg T. Radiologic Features of Miliary Tuberculosis in Children and Adults. J Can Assoc Radiol. 1977;28(3):175-81. PMID 893520
- 4. Furqan M & Butler J. Miliary Pattern on Chest Radiography: TB or Not TB? Mayo Clin Proc. 2010;85(2):108. doi:10.4065/mcp.2009.0523
- 5. Sharma S, Mohan A, Sharma A, Mitra D. Miliary Tuberculosis: New Insights into an Old Disease. Lancet Infect Dis. 2005;5(7):415-30. doi:10.1016/s1473-3099(05)70163-8