Millard-Gubler syndrome

Last revised by Rohit Sharma on 26 Jan 2018

Millard-Gubler syndrome, also known as ventral pontine syndrome, is one of the crossed paralysis syndromes, which are characterized by cranial nerves VI and VII palsies with contralateral body motor or sensory disturbances 1-3.

  • ipsilateral facial and contralateral body hemiplegia due to pyramidal tract involvement 1-3
  • isotropism and diplopia that is worsened while the patient looks toward the lesion 1-3
  • ipsilateral facial paresis and loss of corneal reflex 1-3

Lesions in ventral aspect of the caudal pons involving the fibers of the cranial nerves VI and VII as well as corticospinal tract 1-3

Causes vary by age 1-3:

Lesions are in ventral aspect of caudal pons with imaging characteristics depend on underlying cause 1-3.

The syndrome was first described separately by Auguste Millard (1830-1915) and Adolphe-Marie Gubler (1821-1879), French physicians, in 1856 4,5.

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