Modified Rankin scale
Citation, DOI, disclosures and article data
At the time the article was created Frank Gaillard had no recorded disclosures.View Frank Gaillard's current disclosures
At the time the article was last revised Craig Hacking had the following disclosures:
- Philips Australia, Paid speaker at Philips Spectral CT events (ongoing)
These were assessed during peer review and were determined to not be relevant to the changes that were made.View Craig Hacking's current disclosures
The modified Rankin scale (mRS) is commonly used to quantify functional outcome in individuals who suffer a neurological event. The scale was initially described by Rankin in 1957 to assess the outcome of cerebrovascular accidents 1. It has subsequently been modified 2,3 and has been used in a wide variety of clinical contexts (e.g. stroke, glioma and traumatic brain injury).
The scale comprises seven levels, from 0 to 6, with higher scores indicating greater disability and where 0-2 is generally considered a good outcome with individuals assuming complete functional independence. A modified Rankin score of 6 is often used to denote an individual who is deceased.
0: no symptoms/normal (physical, cognitive etc.)
1: no significant disability despite symptoms; able to carry out all usual duties and activities
2: slight disability; unable to carry out all previous activities, but able to look after own affairs without assistance
3: moderate disability; requiring some help, but able to walk without assistance from another individual (use of walking aids alone is not counted as assistance)
4: moderately severe disability; unable to walk without assistance and unable to attend to own bodily needs without assistance
5: severe disability; bedridden, incontinent and requiring constant nursing care and attention